Battle of Saratoga – Importance of Saratoga Springs in the history of US
The Battle of Saratoga is considered the turning point of the American Revolutionary War. This battle helped us on our way to new beginnings of a free country. It is the most important victory for confirmed establishment of independent America.
The Battle of Saratoga lasted for eighteen days from September 19, 1777 to October 7, 1777 in Saratoga on the banks of the Hudson River in New York State. The battle of Saratoga ended with a crucial victory for the Patriots during the American Revolution and is widely considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War. The battle marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign giving a decisive victory to us Americans over the British. The victory helped us on our way to become the leading nation of the world.
At the turning point of the calendar year, let us commemorate the battle that is the turning point in the history of the world.
American Revolution [1765 – 1783]
American Revolution is the war of independence and freedom. It is the war waged by the American Colonies against Britain influenced political ideas and revolutions.The American Revolution, which had begun as a civil conflict between Britain and its colonies, became the war that shaped the world.
Major Events leading to the American Revolution
Many events fed the growing desire of the thirteen colonies for independence. The road to revolution built slowly over time. Following are the major events that led to the American Revolution.
1754-1763 – French War: The war between Britain and France ended with victory to Britain. The victory however came at a huge cost. The British were in huge debt and to mitigate that cost the British demanded more revenue from taxes in the American colonies. The defeat to the French also meant that the colonies required less protection from the British.
1764 – Sugar Act: The British decided to increase the revenue by increasing duties on sugar. This act raised revenue by increasing duties on imported sugar from the West Indies.
1765 – Quartering Act: Britain ordered that colonists were to house and feed British soldiers if necessary. This act caused distress to the local who had problems filling their own belly.
The British levied a lot of taxes on Americans through various acts. This caused concern and anger at the rule and control of the British.
1770 – Boston Massacre: The colonists and the British soldiers openly clashed in Boston. This event was used as an example of British cruelty where 5 colonists died on 5th March, 1770. The death caused an outrage and increased the hatred towards the British troops.
1773 – Tea Act: To assist the failing British East India Company, the Company was given a monopoly to trade tea in America.
1773 – Boston Tea Party: A group of colonists disguised as Indians dumped tea overboard from three ships in Boston Harbor in protest of the Tea Act.
1774 – Intolerable Acts: These Acts were passed in response to the Boston Tea Party and placed restrictions on the colonists, including outlawing town meetings and the closing of the Boston Harbor.
1774 – First Continental Congress: In response to the Intolerable Acts, creation of The Association calling for boycott of British goods
1775 – Lexington and Concord: In April, British troops were ordered to Lexington and Concord to seize stores of colonial gunpowder and to capture Samuel Adams and John Hancock. At Lexington, open conflict occurred and eight Americans were killed. At Concord, the British troops were forced to retreat with the loss of 70 men. This was the first instance of open warfare.
American Revolution grew out of increasing restrictions placed upon the colonies by the British. The causes for the American Revolution were for political and economic reasons.
American Revolutionary War (1775 – 1783)
The American Revolutionary War is enshrined in American memory as the beginning of a new nation born in freedom. It is the war of independence and freedom.
The Americans began the war with significant disadvantages compared to the British. They had no national government, no national army or navy, no financial system, no banks, no established credit, and no functioning government departments. At the moment of war, British had the world’s most powerful navy, a well-trained professional army, and a sound financial system that could pay the costs, a stable government, and experienced leadership.
Since the opening shots on April 1775, the British wanted to bring an end to the rebellion in the American colonies. The British strategy in 1777 involved two main prongs of attack, aimed at separating New England, where the rebellion enjoyed the most popular support from the other colonies. As part of that philosophy British planned to invade New York from the northern side of Canada which led to the Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Saratoga
The Battle of Saratoga is a part of the American Revolution War and is considered the turning point of the War. The battle was fought for eighteen days from September 19, 1777 to October 7, 1777 which marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British. The Battle of Saratoga ended with a crucial victory for the American Patriots during the American Revolution. The victory is widely considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War.
The Saratoga Campaign in 1777 was an attempt by the British high command for North America to gain military control of the strategically important Hudson River valley during the American Revolutionary War. In hopes of crushing the American rebellion before foreign powers intervene, the British created a plan to invade New York from their base in Canada in 1777.
Battle of Freeman Farm (The First Battle of Saratoga)
The first Battle of Saratoga happened on the afternoon of the 19th September, 1777. The battle took place in the Freeman Farm about 4 miles from Saratoga Springs. The battle of the freeman Farm is one of the decisive battles of the American Revolutionary War, leading directly to surrender of the British.
A large army of about 8,000 soldiers under the leadership of British General John Burgoyne were to invade south from Canada into New York.
The British were the last standing on the battlefield after the first battle of Saratoga. However, they faced heavy casualty with around 600 dead, injured or captured in the battle. The Americans lost around 150 men in the first battle.
Battle of Saratoga (Bemis Heights)
Burgoyne attempted another assault on October 7, 1777 through Bemis Heights to break through a make way to Albany. The British troops faced heavy casualty and retreated to northern Saratoga. The colonists force the surrender of 6,000 British troops in New York State along with their General Burgoyne on October 10, 1777. The capture of around 6000 British troops was an astonishing feat as the British were more properly equipped and better trained in the field of combat than the American soldiers.
The news of the surrender at Saratoga resulted in French intervention in the aid of American independence. The victory in the Battle of Saratoga is the stepping stone to freedom.
Aftermath of the Battle of Saratoga
The victory gave a new life to the American cause at a critical time. Americans had just suffered a major setback the Battle of the Brandywine along with news of the fall of Philadelphia to the British and this victory aided to the belief of the colonists. This first major victory convinced France to enter the conflict on the Americans side.
The win also ensured that the British did not have control over the Champlain Valley, Hudson River and city of Albany. The American victory demonstrated that American troops could fight a European army, on their own terms, and win. It also convinced the French to ally themselves with the Americans and declare war against England. Later, the Spanish and Dutch did the same.
The victory in battle of Saratoga ultimately led to American independence. The formation of the U.S. Historians rank the two battles at Saratoga as among the most significant ever fought in the history of the world.
The American victory in the Battles of Saratoga had a global impact and is the major cause for the uprising of our nation. The American victory influenced other to fight for their independence and caused civil uprising in Caribbean, the Mediterranean region, Africa.
Remembrance of Battle of Saratoga
Saratoga National History Park
The Saratoga battlefield became a state park in 1927 and a national park on June 1, 1938. The park hosts yearly reenactment of the Great Battle of Saratoga annually on the month of September and October. The park is a park built to commemorate the Battle of Saratoga and constitutes of Saratoga monument, the battlefields of the war, and house of General Schuyler along with other attractions in the form of vantage points.
The 155 feet obelisk commemorates the great turning point of the American Revolutionary war.
Saratoga Battle field
It is the venue for annual reenactment of the battle of Saratoga and is located in the Still Water region of New York States.
The restored house is the home of American General Philip Schuyler. General Schuyler was one of the commanding Generals of American patriots. He had an important role in the victory of the Battle of Saratoga.
Saratoga Springs is an historical venue that holds a great significance in the freedom of our country. The battle of Saratoga is the birthplace of the American dream for independence. The victory in the battle of Saratoga is the turning point of the American Revolution and the battle that shaped the current world.
At the turning point of the calendar year, let us commemorate the battle that is the focal turning point in the history of the world. At the turn of the year, let us remember the American heroes to make a patriotic resolution for the upcoming year.
- History of the British Army by Sir John Fortescue
- The War of the Revolution by Christopher Ward